Colorado Parks and Wildlife (CPW) manages elk in 43 Data Analysis Units (DAU) and the state is also divided into 184 Game Management Units (GMU). And yes, I counted them all.
Over-the-Counter Elk Tags Available to Non-residents in Colorado
- Elk Archery Season – Either sex elk – can be hunted in 138 units (80 west of I-25, 58 east of I-25) – See Maps 1 & 2.
- Elk Archery Season – Antlerless elk – can be hunted in 62 units (54 west, 8 east) – See Map 3.
- Elk Rifle Season (2nd and 3rd seasons) – Antlered elk – can be hunted in 92 units (84 west, 8 east) – See Map 4.
- Elk Plains rifle season – Either sex elk- can be hunted in 54 units (4 west, 50 east) – See Map 5.
Non-residents can buy Elk Licenses Over-the-Counter (OTC) in all but 36 of those units to hunt with archery equipment or any one of three rifle hunts.
That is a total of 148 units have OTC tags with four different options to hunt elk, all over the counter.
The elk tag includes a fishing license and the costs for Non-residents in 2017 is $641 for Bull Elk or Either Sex Elk tags and $481 for cow/calf (antlerless). The cost for Non-resident Youth is $100.75. Plus everyone has to buy a $10 habitat stamp.
These OTC tags go on sale every year in early July. The antlerless and either sex tags are limited for both resident and non-residents, so first come first serve. The antlered Elk (Bull Elk) OTC tags are unlimited for both resident and non-residents.
Elk Habitat and Colorado Ecoregions
If you know anything about Colorado, Interstate 25 runs down the Front Range of the Rockies and divides the state with about two-thirds in the west and one-third of the state in the east.
The West is primarily mountainous and is mostly in the Southern Rockies and Colorado Plateau ecoregions, but also includes part of the Wyoming Basin and the Arizona/New Mexico Plateau.
The ecoregions found in Eastern Colorado are the High Plains and Southwestern Tablelands.
Elk primarily live in the mountains, so 41 of the 43 DAUs are in the western part of the state and only two DAUs are in east of the front range.
2015 Colorado Elk Harvest and Hunting Success by Season
- Total elk hunt all seasons – 44,852 Elk Harvested by 221,274 hunters = 20.3% Success
- All rifle – 36,874 Elk, 162,275 hunters = 22.7%
- 1st rifle – 7,776 Elk, 29,318 hunters = 26.5%
- 2nd rifle – 7,871 Elk, 52,789 hunters = 14.9%
- 3rd rifle – 7,562 Elk, 44,805 hunters = 16.9%
- 4th rifle – 2,289 Elk, 7,831 hunters = 26.8%
- All archery – 5,746 Elk, 46,854 hunters = 12.3%
- Muzzleloader – 2,205 Elk, 12,081 hunters = 18.3%
Table 1. Colorado Elk Harvest 2012 – 2015
|Year||Bull Elk||Cow Elk||Total Elk||Total Hunters||Success|
Colorado Hunting Maps
In all of the map images (Maps 1-5), I superimposed public land on top of the Colorado elk units that have tags available for non-resident hunters.
The images are intended to show which units have OTC elk tags for non-residents and to demonstrate the general amount of public land in the various hunt units.
Obviously, you will need more detailed maps if you plan to hunt.
In some cases, there are additional tags available OTC to non-residents, but they only allow hunting on private lands.
I only included units that allow hunting on public or private lands.
Hunting on Colorado State Trust Lands
In Colorado, only some of the State Trust Lands are open to public hunting as opposed to most other states where most state lands are open to hunting.
Colorado Parks and Wildlife obtained access to 550,000 acres (State Trust Lands in Colorado totals nearly 3,000,000 acres) by leasing the land. The land can be accessed between Sept. 1 through Feb. for hunting.
It is a shame that the other 2.4 million acres of State Lands in Colorado are not open for public hunting as most State Trust Lands are in other States like Arizona, New Mexico, Montana and Montana (with permit) or Idaho, Oregon, Utah and Wyoming (without permit).
State Trust lands may occupy the 16th and 36 section of many townships in Colorado, but you can not hunt on most of those sections. Each section is one square mile, which is 640 acres.
Public Land in Colorado
There are still plenty of public lands to hunt in Colorado. There are over 14,5 million acres of US Forest Service lands and 8.3 million acres of BLM lands. Including the State Trust Lands that are open to hunting, that totals over 22.8 million acres of public land which is about 34 percent of the entire state which is available for public hunting.