How much Meat to Pack Out on an Elk?

This post is related to the last post; How much Meat to Pack out on a Mule Deer? As an attempt to answer common questions about how much meat is on an animal and how do you pack out large animals, especially without horses. I continue the theme with elk.

As with mule deer, the best source I am aware that answers the question about how much meat is on the average elk comes from a University of Wyoming publication; The Elk Carcass (also see The Mule Deer Carcass).

For the record, the University of Wyoming study is on the Rocky Mountain subspecies. For these elk, a field dressed weight (defined as viscera and feet removed) is 70% of the live weight and field dressed weights range from 176 lbs for a calf to 540 lbs to mature bulls and yield between 88 to 270 lbs of boneless meat.

Average Rocky Mountain Elk Field Dressed Weight and Weight of Boneless Meat

Age class Bulls Cows
Field Dressed Weight Boneless Meat Field Dressed Weight Boneless Meat
(years) (pounds) (pounds)
  Calves              184           92              176           88
    1½              280          140              244          122
    2½              337          168              304          152
3½ – 4½              400          200              329          164
5½ – 6½              504          252              359          179
7½ – 8½              506          253              355          177
    9½              509          254              369          184
   10½+              540          270              394          197

In the sample, field dressed cow elk averaged between 176 lbs for calves up to 394 lbs for an old cow. The Roosevelt subspecies of elk found in the coasal Pacific Northwest (primarily Oregon and Washington) are larger.

You can quickly see that packing an elk is whole ‘nuther ballgame than packing a deer, as even elk calves weigh more than 4½ year old mule deer bucks. Despite many stories of 1,000 lb elk, and luckily from a packing standpoint, the vast majority of of bull elk will weigh less than 800 lbs and after field dressing would be about 560 lbs.

Also keep in mind the average elk head weighs 39 lbs and the skin weighs 34 lbs, so you could easily find yourself with 250-300 lbs to pack out. If you got lucky and killed that bull of a lifetime, you could be packing as much as 350 lbs or more.

Packing Out an Elk without a Horse

Elk Down! Woohoo! Now what? If you have horses, or several friends and family members on standby, you have the means to pack out a large animal like an elk and you’ve obviously already made plans for packing the animal out. Just hope the weather stays cool and it doesn’t take everyone too long to show up.

This reminds me of a comment made by an Air Force general responding to reporters at the beginning of the 2nd Iraq war. He said the amateurs [referring to politicians], always start talking about tactics, but professionals start thinking about logistics. Before you go elk hunting, you have to plan the logistics of getting an elk out.

When you have a deer down, you have more options, because most deer aren’t too big to drag out by yourself. Unless you are very close to a road, an elk is too big to drag. At the very least, you should know how to quarter it and many times an elk might have to be completely deboned.

Assuming we have have a bull elk down that weighs 500 pounds field dressed and we set to work and debone all the meat, yielding 250 lbs with another 40 lbs for his head. It will take 3 trips at 97 lbs per trip, 4 trips at 73 lbs per trip and 5 trips at 58 lbs per trip. Of course I would rather carry 58 lbs instead of 73 lbs, but five trips out and 4 trips back can add up to a lot of miles. Each trip takes time and time increases the chances that the meat spoils or that predators (2 and 4-legged) steal the meat.

I am no longer in the prime of my life. I am going “over the hill”, but not too far yet that I can’t hunt alone. I can still go out and I can still climb very steep hills, just not as fast as I used to. I admit I don’t look forward to steep hills with an extremely heavy pack.

Elk Packing Strategy

When I have a lot of meat to pack out, I move all the meat to a shady spot and/or a snow bank and then start moving one load at a time a few hundred yards to another shady spot or snow bank. I stage the meat in pieces towards the truck.

This way, I work very hard and carrying a heavy load for a few hundred yards, but get to rest on the trip back with an empty pack or travois. I can keep going longer if I work hard for short periods of time and take many short breaks instead of packing one heavy load all the way to the truck and then walking all the way back with an empty pack. In the end, it is the same amount of walking and the same amount of meat gets packed out.

It just seems easier to make sure the meat stays cool, because I can watch everything better and make sure all the meat is in the shade or covered in snow. There is also less chance of losing meat to predators, because I am never far away.

I have packed leg quarters and boneless meat on a pack frame. I have packed leg quarters and game bags full of deboned meat over my shoulder for short periods of time. Despite rumors of elk quarters weighing 100 lbs, most bone-in leg quarters (no pelvis & feet removed) weigh about 65 -70 lbs. I have made and used a travois (read post) to drag deer out by myself.

I have never used a game cart or panniers made for humans, but would like to try them sometime. I also keep an old plastic sled in the back of the truck that we use to haul gear on the ice for ice fishing. I plan to use it if the snow conditions and terrain are suitable.

A Friend’s Elk Packing Experience

I still tease one of my good friend’s about his elk packing experience. About 15 years ago, while he was a big strapping young man in the prime of his life, he killed a cow elk over three miles from the road. He deboned the meat and left the head and skin behind and packed it all out in two trips. We were roommate at the time and when he got home about 2 a.m., the first words out of his mouth was “I’ll never do that shit again!

We didn’t actually weigh all the meat as we finished butchering, wrapping steaks and roasts and making sausage the next day, but we estimated the weight at about 160 lbs. Counting his initial hike in to where he shot the cow, he had walked well over 12 miles in very steep country. He packed out nearly 120 lbs his first trip counting his pack and rifle and the last six miles was in total darkness using a puny headlamp. He packed at least 80 lbs on the last trip out. He lives in another state now and despite his vow to never do it again, he still hunts elk. But now he has a horse to pack into camp and pack out the meat. We’re planning a hunt in Wyoming next year.

Packing Alone Limits the Hunt

When I have to pack an elk by myself, it limits the places I can hunt. As I move farther away from the truck, I start thinking about what it would take to get an elk back from where I am. I may want to climb a nearby ridge, but no way would I drop down the other side unless it was just to scout.

I was in situation where I had a shot on an elk on top of a knife blade ridge that dropped very steeply off both sides. The elk was facing downhill in the wrong direction. If I shot and he dropped like a stone, it would mean a long pack out down a very steep ridge, but he was more likely to bolt downhill the wrong direction. If he went the wrong way, I was screwed because the weather was very warm and there was no snow on the ground. The elk would probably be lying in the Sun on the south facing slope. If so, I doubt I could have salvaged all the meat before it spoiled.

I know a guy with horses that I can call in an emergency if I need help packing out an elk. The problem is, I would be most in need of help if the elk was down a long distance from a road. Here in the west, that usually means a long walk out and then driving to find cell service just to make the call. Then the person has to be home and ready to put a horse on the trailer and haul it out to meet me. What are the chances they have absolutely nothing going on? and How long is all this going to take?

In the situation mentioned above, it would have taken me two hours to get to an area with cell service. If my friend with the horse was ready to immediately load up and come to my rescue, It would take at least 3½-4 hours more to get back on the ridge with a horse. On top of that, the ridge was so steep, I didn’t want to be responsible for the safety of his horse. I didn’t take the shot.

I decided to wait to see if he would turn around so he was more likely to run downhill toward the truck and the shady side of the hill, so I could salvage all the meat. I don’t deserve to be so lucky. I regret not having an elk in my freezer that year, but I do not regret passing on the shot. If it had been cooler or if there had been patches of snow on the ground, I would have taken the chance. I carry a small tarp to make shade or shelter if necessary.

I saw a T.V. hunting show where an elk was down and the hunter went back to town and rented a horse and trailer and then drove back to the site to pack it out. He didn’t say how long it took and I don’t remember much footage that proved they packed out much except the head and antlers.

Make the Effort to Salvage all the Meat

I give my friend credit for making that last trip, because most people would have left that last load for the coyotes. Many of us hunt for the meat, not just antlers, so we do all we can to make sure it doesn’t go to waste. I think a lot of people leave the 2nd load and that includes most of the T.V. hunting shows.

Of all the shows I have seen, only two (“Meat Eater” with Steve Rinella and “On Your Own Adventures” with Randy Newburg) regularly show the butchering and packing out of more than just the head and antlers. I know that doesn’t make for exciting T.V., but they should all have one quick shot to prove they didn’t waste the meat. Many of us don’t give a shit about their antlers and it insults our intelligence when they talk about how difficult the pack out was, but rarely show enough to prove they packed it out. You know what I mean; they go from “hero shot” with the downed elk, then the closing shot has the elk head and antlers in the back of the truck.

As “sportsmen”, we have an obligation to make use of as much of the meat as possible. I encourage everyone to do their own butchering and to make their own sausage and ground meat. Why go to so much trouble to take care of the meat, then take it to the butcher so he can mix it in with every elk brought in by Tom, Dick and Harry, some of which haven’t even been field dressed. I especially admire people that salvage and tan the hides. The resource is ours to use, but not to waste.
My DIY Elk Hunting Guide is now available as PDF or ebook

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